There's a substantial amount of evidence that suggests that exercising is great for your body and mind, but these reports don't always agree with one another. Some studies prove that working out is extremely beneficial, but there are also reports that don't present any definite conclusions. While it may be easier to lean toward the side of little or no exercise and base your opinion in scientific research, it's important to know that staying active is the best way to keep your mental and physical health intact. Virtually everyone, with the exception of those with extreme health conditions, should engage in physical exercise on a daily or nearly daily basis. In America, 58% of women are obese, and 68% of men are as well. These health stats illustrate why it's important to exercise. Your health, as well as your age, should help you determine your exercise regimen. This will help you get the most out of a workout, even on the days when you don't feel like it.
Exercise Boosts Your Aerobic Power
Aerobic capacity refers to how well the body is able to work at its highest capacity by taking oxygen from the air and transferring the oxygen to the body's tissues. People, on average, use about 10% of their aerobic power every decade. If you start monitoring your aerobic activity at 40, you will have lost 30 percent of your aerobic capacity by the time you're 70! That means you'll spend a lot of energy just trying to breathe. Short-term and long-term exercise training can help to reduce aerobic power loss by half, which means you'll lose 15% of aerobic capacity in 30 years instead of 30%. This fact alone allows you to experience most of the other benefits that come from working out.
Exercise Lowers Your Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
The threat of type 2 diabetes is becoming more prevalent all over the world. Adults are at serious risk of developing this condition, mainly because of consuming a diet that is high in empty carbohydrates and sugars. When you exercise regularly, you're giving your body an enhanced ability to metabolize the glucose in foods, which can lower your chances of becoming a diabetic.
Exercise Reduces Blood Pressure
Hypertension is the most common type of heart disease and is caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries. This is a result of eating foods that are high in fat on a constant basis for years. Exercise can lower your blood pressure by addressing artery plaque. The arteries become wider when you're working out, which allows your blood to circulate more efficiently, and this makes your blood pressure drop. Exercise also strengthens your heart muscles, and when your heart is able to pump blood through your arteries without interruption, your blood pressure will go down.
If you're looking for ways, in addition to exercise, to bring your blood pressure down, there are plenty of resources available online such as free ebooks and programs to follow to achieve a healthy lifestyle and keep your blood pressure in normal range.
Exercise Reduces Body Fat
Your BMI or body mass index helps to measure the metabolic status of your body. You can go to the Centers for Disease Control website to calculate your BMI. If you find that you're in the obese or overweight category, engaging in aerobic exercise on a regular basis can help normalize your BMI by exchanging fat for fat-free tissue. The more you work out, the more your body is able to work off the fat, since your muscles burn calories, which causes your metabolism to work faster.
Exercising Strengthens Your Immune System
The immune system protects your body from contracting infections and keeps you safe from a variety of toxins. When your immune system is intact, you'll also be able to better manage stress. Researchers have often discussed "immune senescence" which is the concept of the immune system getting weaker or less efficient with age, but it has now been proven that the immune system will get weaker in people who don't work out. Exercise can even reverse some of the negative effects of aging when it comes to the immune system, and this contributes to your overall health.
Exercise Strengthens Your Bones
As you age, your bones lose their mineral strength. On average, your bones lose about 1 percent of their mineral fortitude each year, and many people notice that their bones get thinner and weaker with age. Exercising can make your bones healthier and stronger, particularly if you engage in resistance training. Lifting weights is an exercise you can do regardless of age, but the amount of weight you lift should depend on your strength and age. It is recommended that you spend at least an hour per week doing resistance training to make sure your bones are at their best.
Exercise Improves Your Memory
Exercise not only improves the way your body works but can also boost the function of your brain. There are a number of studies that have been conducted on animals and humans to show that physical exercise assists your neurons in staying in shape, especially in the parts of your brain that control memory, which is called the hippocampus. You don't even have to exert yourself too much to experience these benefits. Your memory will also be enhanced since your cortisol levels are lowered with your exercise, which means you'll also be less stressed and anxious when you work out regularly.
Exercise Makes You Smarter
If none of the other benefits of working out appeal to you, you may be motivated by the fact that working out can boost your intelligence. In addition to improving your memory, exercise increases your intellectual ability. When you work out, it's easier for oxygen to get to your brain, particularly the sections of your brain that are responsible for reasoning and planning. This part of the brain is referred to as the prefrontal cortex. Physical activity, as well as mental exercises, can make you smarter and increase your ability to carry out your daily tasks in a thorough and timely fashion.